FACT SHEET: What is Shigellosis?

What is Shigellosis?

Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella.

What are the symptoms of Shigellosis?

Most who are infected with Shigella have frequent watery stools, fever, and stomach cramps, starting a day or two after they are exposed to the bacteria. The watery stools can be bloody. Illness usually resolves in 5 to 7 days. .

What is the treatment for Shigellosis?

Drink lots of fluids to stay hydrated. If symptoms worsen or last more than 1 week, notify your health care provider.

Is Shigellosis preventable?

  • Keep children with diarrhea out of school and child care settings.
  • Wash hands with soap carefully and frequently, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, before preparing foods or beverages, and after changing diapers.
  • Supervise hand washing of toddlers and young children after they use the toilet.
  • Do not prepare food for others while ill with diarrhea
  • Avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or untreated pools.
  • For those with children in diapers:
    • Dispose of soiled diapers properly
    • Disinfect diaper changing areas after using them.

For more information: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/shigellosis/